Questõesde IF Sudeste - MG sobre Inglês

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IF Sudeste - MG 2017 - Inglês - Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension

Read the lyrics below.

Don’t laugh at me

Mark Wills

I’m a little boy with glasses

The one they call the geek

A little girl who never smiles

’Cause I’ve got braces on my teeth

And I know how it feels

To cry myself to sleep

I’m that kid on every playground

Who’s always chosen last

A single teenage mother

Tryin’ to overcome my past

You don’t have to be my friend

But is it too much to ask

Don’t laugh at me

Don’t call me names

Don’t get your pleasure from my pain

In God’s eyes we’re all the same

Someday we’ll all have perfect wings

Don’t laugh at me (…)

Disponível em:<|> . Acesso em: 15 Set. 2017.

We can conclude that, as a whole, it is about:

children in conflict with their body because they‘ve been diagnosed with palsy.
someone who might fall victim to bullying and is begging for understanding.
some friends who are always laughing and having fun in the playground.
the way severe disabilities affect all human beings and impact their lives.
the cure for several diseases that affect our bodies or minds.
IF Sudeste - MG 2017 - Inglês - Preposições | Prepositions, Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension, Advérbios e conjunções | Adverbs and conjunctions

Read the following article, ignoring the empty spaces (1-5) for the time being. Then, check the alternative in which all the spaces have been CORRECTLY filled:

Will human beings ever live on other planets?

(1) __________ we have become accustomed to the idea of space travel, and in films and fiction it seems as tough space travel is inevitable, it appears unlikely that human beings will ever get any further than Mars, our nearest neighbor. No matter how many films we make about space travel, the fact is that it remains technologically challenging, and extremely expensive. (2) __________ the distances involved are immense, any voyage outside the solar system would take hundreds of years using current technology. Wherever human beings went into space, they would have problems of how to eat and breathe, and their spaceship would have to carry vast amounts of fuel (3) __________ cover the distance. Even Mars is so far away that it would take about six months to get there. (4) __________ the distance between Earth and Mars varies, astronauts would have to wait for nearly two years before they could return using the shortest journey time. (5) __________ it could cost as much as $ 100 billion, a manned mission to Mars is planned for sometime between 2010 and 2020.

VINCE, M. Macmillan English grammar in context. Macmillan, London. 2008. p. 165.

Check the CORRECT alternative.

(1) Because (2) Though (3) for (4) Since (5) That.
(1) However (2) Because (3) to (4) When (5) Why.
(1) Although (2) Since (3) in order to (4) As (5) Even though.
(1) Though (2) Providing (3) so that (4) Whenever (5) Although.
(1) Although (2) Because (3) for to (4) As (5) Although.
IF Sudeste - MG 2017 - Inglês - Tempos Verbais | Verb Tenses, Aspectos linguísticos | Linguistic aspects, Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension

Leia o seguinte trecho de um artigo, ignorando os espaços vazios (1-5) por enquanto. Em seguida, verifique a alternativa que mostra a sequência em que todos os verbos foram usados CORRETAMENTE

O envelhecimento da população

O número de homens e mulheres nos EUA com 60 anos ou mais que ainda trabalham (1) __________ por mais de uma década. Economistas (2) __________ uma série de razões para essa tendência. Primeiro, desde 1985 a economia dos Estados Unidos (3) __________, portanto, tem havido um aumento da demanda por mão de obra. Ao mesmo tempo, o custo de alguns serviços, como cuidados de saúde, (4) __________, portanto, os trabalhadores precisam ganhar mais dinheiro mais tarde na vida. Além disso, as mudanças nas regras de benefícios da seguridade social (5) __________ um efeito considerável sobre os padrões de trabalho. (…)

VINCE, M. Macmillan English grammar in context. Macmillan, Londres. 2008. p. 23

Verifique a alternativa CORRETA .

(1) have been rising (2) have given (3) is expanding (4) has been increasing (5) have had.
(1) has been rising (2) have been giving (3) has been expanding (4) are increasing (5) are having.
(1) are rising (2) are giving (3) have been expanding (4) have been increasing (5) has had.
(1) has been rising (2) are giving (3) had been expanding (4) has increased (5) has been having.
(1) has been rising (2) have given (3) has been expanding (4) has been increasing (5) have had.
IF Sudeste - MG 2017 - Inglês - Preposições | Prepositions, Palavras conectivas | Connective words, Advérbios e conjunções | Adverbs and conjunctions

Read the following article, ignoring the empty spaces (1-5) for the time being. Then, check the alternative that shows the sequence of words that CORRECTLY fill in the gaps:

Your gut, your emotions

What controls our emotions? The same two people might see the same tragic newspaper headline, (1) __________ one is much more emotionally affected than the other. Why is that? According to an international team led by UCLA researchers, these emotions may be partially driven by an unlikely source: our gut bacteria. In fact, the bacteria that colonize our intestines may influence the architecture of the brain itself.

The experiment examining the relationship between brain development and the gut microbiome was conducted with mice. Specific strains of mice, one that lacked a complete gut microbiome and one that had a normal microbiome, were compared in terms of their brain development and behavior. The influence of microorganisms is not limited to brain development.

Interestingly, the mice with the ―normal‖ microbiome had more anxiety and moved less than the mice without the microbiome. (2) __________ exposed to a microbiome early in life, the active, calm mice began to act more anxious and reduced their movements. Microbiota evidently had this influence by affecting hormonal expression and building particular pathways in the brain associated with anxiety. The influence on brain development apparently occurred at a particular point early in the mouse‘s life, so it‘s possible early exposure to a proper microbiome is important for normal development. The researchers speculate that the microbiome helps the mice develop an appropriate sense of caution.

The influence of microorganisms is not limited to brain development. (3) __________ no conclusive link has been established, a few studies have detected abnormalities in the gut microbiomes of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders compared to non-affected children. Nor is microorganism influence limited to gut bacteria. A separate study in hyenas (also awaiting conclusive proof) suggests that individual hyenas use a specific cocktail of stinky bacteria in their scent markers left as a message to other hyenas.

(4) __________ some fungus can get in on the act, hijacking ants and forcing the unfortunate insects to relocate to a place favorable for a fungus to grow. The ant does not survive, but it makes great fungus food. (5) __________ a growing body of evidence from other animals, until the UCLA study there was not much direct research on how the microbiome affects humans. But given its potential importance, hopefully there will soon be more research along these lines. Going with your gut, indeed!

Disponível em:< mail&utm_source=Act-On+Software&utm_medium=email>. Acesso em: 15 Set. 2017.

Check the CORRECT alternative.

(1) but - (2) When - (3) While - (4) Even - (5) Despite
(1) but - (2) While - (3) Actually - (4) Although - (5) Finally
(1) however - (2) When - (3) While - (4) Therefore - (5) So
(1) although - (2) While - (3) However - (4) Even - (5) Despite
(1) although - (2) Despite - (3) Actually - (4) Although - (5) So
IF Sudeste - MG 2016 - Inglês - Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension, Pronomes | Pronouns

Read the following passage, paying attention to the words numbered 1-5

Gene Wilder’s passing away, the eternal Willy Wonka

Gene Wilder, (1) who established himself as one of America’s foremost comic actors with his delightfully neurotic performances in three films directed by Mel Brooks; his eccentric star turn in the family classic “Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory”; and (2) his winning chemistry with Richard Pryor in the box-office smash “Stir Crazy,” died early Monday morning at his home in Stamford, Conn. He was 83. With his haunted blue eyes and an empathy born of his own history of psychic distress, he aspired to touch audiences much as Charlie Chaplin had. The Chaplin film “City Lights,” he said, had “made the biggest impression on me as an actor; (3) it was funny, then sad, then both at the same time”.
Mr. Wilder was an accomplished stage actor as well as a screenwriter, a novelist and the director of four movies in (4) which he starred. (He directed, he once said, “in order to protect what I wrote, which I wrote in order to act.”) But he was best known for playing roles on the big screen that might have been ripped from the pages of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. He made his movie debut in 1967 in Arthur Penn’s celebrated crime drama, “Bonnie and Clyde,” in which he was memorably hysterical as an undertaker kidnapped by the notorious Depression-era bank robbers played by Faye Dunaway and Warren Beatty. He was even more hysterical, and even more memorable, a year later in “The Producers,” the first film by Mr. Brooks, (5) who later turned it into a Broadway hit.
Available at: <>. Accessed on: 20 ago. 2016
As far as textual cohesion is concerned, analyze the following statements about the text above.
I – The pronoun “who” (in 1) refers forward to “America’s foremost comic actors”.
II – The pronoun “his” (in 2) refers back to the subject “Richard Pryor”.
III – The pronoun “it” (in 3) refers back to either “Chaplin” or “actor”, resulting in ambiguity.
IV – The pronoun “which” (in 4) refers back to “Mr. Wilder”.
V – The pronoun “who” (in 5) can be replaced by “which”, without any problem.

After analyzing items I-V, check the CORRECT option.

All of the above statements are correct.

Only statement I is correct.

Only statements II and IV are correct.
Only statements III and V are correct.
All of the above statements are incorrect.
IF Sudeste - MG 2016 - Inglês - Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension

Analyze the following diagram and then check the CORRECT statement.

Fonte: Available at: <>. Accessed on: 10 set. 2016.

The place where there are more people living with Aids is in Western and Central Europe.
There are fewer people living with Aids in Australia than in the other places shown.
The number of infections in Central and South America is far higher than that of the United States and Canada combined.
The numbers in Africa are not as frightening as those in Oceania or East Asia.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia are the places with the lowest number of infections.
IF Sudeste - MG 2016 - Inglês - Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension

Read the lyrics for the song “Smile”, by Charlie Chaplin.

Available at: <>.Accessed on: 20 set. 2016.

Put T (true) or F (false) by the propositions below and then check the CORRECT sequence:

( ) The song suggests we should not smile if our heart is aching.

( ) Life still has meaning, despite fear and sorrow, if you just smile.

( ) Since life has no meaning at all, there is no use smiling.

( ) The song’s overall meaning is to motivate us to remain positive.

( ) The song encourages us to give up the pleasures of life.

IF Sudeste - MG 2016 - Inglês - Tempos Verbais | Verb Tenses, Pronome demonstrativo | Demonstrative pronoun, Vocabulário | Vocabulary, Verbos modais | Modal verbs, Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension, Advérbios e conjunções | Adverbs and conjunctions, Pronomes | Pronouns, Pronomes interrogativos | Question words

Read the following excerpt from a newspaper, ignoring the gaps numbered (1-5). After that, choose the CORRECT alternative.

Published in 1981, Todd Strasser’s The Wave recounts a true incident that took place in a history class at a Palo Alto, California, high school in 1969. The teacher of the class, Ron Jones, (1)__________ is fictionally renamed Ben Ross in the book, actually formulated the experiment described in the narrative in an effort to help his students understand how the Holocaust could have happened without the mass condemnation of the German people. What begins as a simple class project quickly takes on a life of its own, (2) __________, as students conform mindlessly to the experimental system, and others are pressured ruthlessly to join in.
Group dynamics and peer influence bordering on coercion create a sinister atmosphere of fear and mistrust, The Wave spontaneously takes on the characteristics of a cult. The event disrupts an entire school (3) __________ raises a plethora of dark questions concerning responsibility, freedom, and group dynamics. Ron Jones calls it “one of the most frightening events ever experienced in the classroom.” As a novelization of a teleplay by Johnny Dawkins, based on a short story by Ron Jones, Strasser’s book (4) __________ not have attracted an abundance of criticism as a literary entity in itself, (5) __________ The Wave clearly holds an important place in the canon of young adult literature. (…)
Available at: <>. Accessed on: 20 set. 2016

Choose the CORRECT alternative..

The space in 1 can be filled in with either “who” or “that”.
The space in 2 can be filled in with “therefore”.
The space in 3 can be filled in with “as”.
The space in 4 can be filled in with either “would” or “may”.
The space in 5 can be filled in with “but”.
IF Sudeste - MG 2018 - Inglês - Advérbios e conjunções | Adverbs and conjunctions

To answer question, read the following text.

The movies that rose from the gave

It may disappear for a while, stay out of sight, out of mind, but sooner or later it will rise again, and no matter what we do, or how hard we try, it will never, ever die. A zombie? Hardly, rather our own fascination with what popular culture now refers to as “the living dead”.

Zombies have dominated mainstream horror for more than half a decade. They’re everywhere: movies, books, videogames, comics, even a new Broadway musical adaptation of Sam Raimi’s The Evil Dead. Not only have they replaced previous alpha-monsters such as vampires and werewolves, (1) ___________ are continuing to generate more interest (and revenue) than almost all other creatures put together. Given that several years ago the living dead were considered an obscure and largely underground sub-genre, it would not be an exaggeration to state that they have enjoyed a spectacular rebirth (2) ___________ anything in the history of modern horror.

Where did these creatures come from? Why are they so popular now? And when, if ever, will their reign of terror cease?

(3) ___________ many cultures have their own myths concerning the raising of the dead (one going as far back as the epic of Gilgamesh), the word “zombie” can trace its origins back to west Africa. The legend involves a “houngan” (wizard) using a magical elixir to transform a living human into a mobile, docile and obedient corpse. The fact that this legend is deeply rooted in reality (Haitian zombie powder was discovered to contain a powerful neuro-toxin that caused a live victim to behave like a resurrected corpse) may explain why, when African slaves were brought to the Americas, European colonists also embraced the notion of the living dead.

For several centuries the voodoo zombie remained the staple of tall tales, stage productions, and even early Hollywood movies (4) ___________White Zombie (1932) and I Walked With a Zombie (1943). It wasn’t until 1968 that up-and-coming film maker George A Romero gave us a whole new reason to be afraid. Night of the Living Dead replaced the image of a harmless voodoo-created zombie with a hostile, flesh-eating ghoul that swelled its numbers to pandemic proportions. This new ghoul was the result of science, not magic, specifically radiation from a returning space probe. This new ghoul could, likewise, only be dispatched by a scientific solution: destroying the brain or severing it from the rest of the body. This new ghoul obeyed no one, (5) ___________its own insatiable craving for living, human flesh. In fact, this new ghoul was only referred to throughout the movie as a ghoul. The word zombie was never mentioned.

Available at :<>. Acess on: 23 mar. 2018.

Check the alternative that shows the sequence of words that CORRECTLY fill in the spaces 1-5.

therefore – like – However – even – much less
but – unlike – Although – such as – other than
however – likewise – Through – ever – rather than
nonetheless – unlike – Though – or rather
but – like – Notwithstanding – even – unless
IF Sudeste - MG 2018 - Inglês - Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension

Read the article “The Olympic Games”, to answer question.

The Olympic Games

The ancient Olympic Games were originally a festival, or celebration of and for Zeus; later, events such as a footrace, a javelin contest, and wrestling matches were added. The Olympic Games were a series of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states and one of the Panhellenic Games of ancient Greece. They were held in honor of Zeus, and the Greeks gave them a mythological origin. The first Olympics is traditionally dated to 776 BC. They continued to be celebrated when Greece came under Roman rule, until the emperor Theodosius I suppressed them in AD 393 as part of the campaign to impose Christianity as the State religion of Rome. The games were held every four years, or olympiad, which became a unit of time in historical chronologies.

During the celebration of the games, an Olympic Truce was enacted so that athletes could travel from their cities to the games in safety. The prizes for the victors were olive leaf wreaths or crowns. The games became a political tool used by city-states to assert dominance over their rivals. Politicians would announce political alliances at the games, and in times of war, priests would offer sacrifices to the gods for victory. The games were also used to help spread Hellenistic culture throughout the Mediterranean. The Olympics also featured religious celebrations. The statue of Zeus at Olympia was counted as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Sculptors and poets would congregate each olympiad to display their works of art to would-be patrons.

The ancient Olympics had fewer events than the modern games, and only freeborn Greek men were allowed to participate, although there were victorious women chariot owners. As long as they met the entrance criteria, athletes from any Greek citystate and kingdom were allowed to participate, although the Hellanodikai, the officials in charge, allowed king Alexander I of Macedon to participate in the games only after he had proven his Greek ancestry. The games were always held at Olympia rather than moving between different locations as is the practice with the modern Olympic Games. Victors at the Olympics were honored, and their feats chronicled for future generations.

Available at:<> . Access on: 23 mar. 2018.

The previous text does not contain information to answer the following question:

Who were the Olympic Games intended to honor in their origins?
When did the first Olympic Games take place?
Why did Theodosis I decide to stop the Olympic Games?
When did modern Olympic Games start to take place outside the Olympia?
What was offered to the Olympic Games winners as rewards for their victory?
IF Sudeste - MG 2018 - Inglês - Interpretação de texto | Reading comprehension

Read texts I and II to answer question.


Sonnet 18
William Shakespeare

Available at: <>. Acess on: 23 mar. 2018.

Thee: you
Thou art: You are
temperate: constant
Bud: a small part of a plant that develops into a flower
the eye of heaven: the sun
dimm’d: become less bright
fair: beauty
nature’s changing course: the passing of time
thou ow'st: you possess 

Lego House
Ed Sheeran

Chorus (lines 13 to 23):

Chorus (Repeat)

Chorus (Repeat)

Available at: <> . Acess on: 23 mar. 2018. Adapted.

All of the statements are according to the texts I and II, EXCEPT FOR the alternative:

In text I, the poet wanted his beloved to live forever, as shown in: “When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st” (line 12).
The text II explains some feelings related to love and how the poet wanted things to be better for the subject of love, as shown from “I'll pick you up...” to “ you better now” (lines 15-18).
The poem mentions that “every fair from fair sometime declines” (line 7), which means that there is nothing the poet can do to make things better. 
In text II, the lines “And it's dark in the cold December / But I've got you to keep me warm” (8 and 9) convey feelings of sadness and loneliness, but also of comfort inside if the beloved comes back to care for him.
Another contrast between the texts is that the poem does not mention protecting the beloved, as does the lyrics, but the poem does mention the poet’s will to make his beloved immortal.
IF Sudeste - MG 2018 - Inglês - Tempos Verbais | Verb Tenses

Read the following text to answer question.

The nature of intelligence

For many years, scientists (1) ___________ define the nature of human intelligence. However, they (2) ___________unable to agree on whether there is one kind of intelligence, or several kinds. In the early 20th century, psychologist Charles Spearman came up with the concept of 'g' or 'general intelligence'. He (3) ___________ subjects a variety of different tests and (4) ___________ that the people who performed well in the tests used one part of the brain, which he called 'g', for all the tests. More recently, research (5)___________ that this idea may well be true, as one part of the brain (the lateral prefrontal cortex) shows increased blood flow during testing. However, some scientists believe that intelligence is a matter of how much people (6) ___________rather than some ability they are born with. They believe that environment also matters.

VINCE, M. Macmillan English grammar in context. Macmillan, London. 2008. p. 22. Adapted.

Check the alternative that shows the sequence of words that CORRECTLY fill in the spaces (1-6).

(1) tried (2) were (3) gave (4) found (5) found (6) learned.
(1) have been trying (2) have been (3) gave (4) found (5) has found (6) have learned.
(1) have tried (2) have been (3) had given (4) had found (5) had found (6) had learned.
(1) has been trying (2) were (3) has given (4) has found (5) had found (6) have learned.
(1) tried (2) were (3) gave (4) has found (5) has found (6) learned.